In cases of acute intoxication with propane butane (due to damage in heating appliances where propane-butane is used as energy source for heating), asphyxia. Butane is an organic compound with the formula C4H10 that is an alkane with four carbon . It enters the blood supply and within seconds produces intoxication. Butane is the most commonly misused volatile substance in the UK, and was the. Butane is a commonly misused volatile agent, and a cause of intoxication. We present a case, who had a syncope and persistent ventricular.
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Access to the text HTML. The intoxivation study with human volunteers Patty and Yant is rather old and focused on the warning properties of butane. Inhalation for 2 h, butane concentrations not specified.
Withdrawal symptoms can continue for a number of days when use ceases.
Mortality from butane in mice and rats is preceded by CNS effects. The concentration-response curve appears to be very steep, indicating that a large uncertainty factor is unnecessary. Signs and symptoms I am worried that my teenager might be using drugs What should I do if I find out that my child is using cannabis Intervention For teens Cannabis Know the score The teen brain Worried about someone Getting help.
However, the effects are not disabling and are transient and reversible upon cessation of exposure. In Virginia, 39 cases of people who likely died as a direct consequence abusing an inhalant were found between and The owners of this website hereby guarantee to respect the legal confidentiality conditions, applicable in France, and not to disclose this data to third parties.
Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity A pregnant year-old woman accidentally inhaled butane in during week 27 of her pregnancy. Butane sniffing causing ventricular fibrillation; p.
For the same reasons as for AEGL-1, steady-state plasma concentrations will be reached within 30 min of exposure. Inhalation for 5, 30, 60, or min at 21, ppm or 50, ppm. A year-old boy was found unconsciousness as a result of butane abuse; he died 34 h after the exposure despite resuscitation efforts Rieder-Scharinger et al. At the time of discharge after 5 dayshe still had pronounced upper limb, proximal muscle weakness and a hemiplegic gait Gray and Lazarus Shugaev exposed rats sex and strain not specified to varying concentrations of butane for 4 h.
She collapsed when running away from the police Williams and Cole Butanes are highly flammable, colorless, easily liquefied gases that quickly vaporize at room temperature. The physiologic responses were very briefly reported. The distribution pattern of isomeric alcohols; pp. Summary A number of fatal and nonfatal cases related to butane abuse or suicide attempts have been ontoxication. LC 16 ratios of approximately 1. Edwards KE, Wenstone R.
ACUTE PROPANE-BUTANE INTOXICATION – Diseases of Poultry – The Poultry Site
Genotoxicity Butane appears to be negative in the Ames test, with and without metabolic activation citation of an unpublished report in Moore One guinea pig exposed for 2 h was examined histopathologically 7 days after exposure; no effects were found.
Hence, this study does not provide an adequate starting point for deriving AEGL-3 values.
Absorption Four human intoxiation 3 male, 1 female; years of age were exposed to butane at ppm for 4 h. On the basis of these data, n is estimated to be greater than 4 after accounting for a small decrease in concentration during the min exposure 3.
Acute Exposure Guideline Levels.
Butane intoxication–three case reports.
Ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation were noted. Tetracarbane never recommended .
No increase in effect from longer durations of exposure is expected for concentrationdependent effects after reaching a steady state. Although case reports indicate that butane might cause arrhythmias in humans exposed at high concentrations, no adequate human intoxicayion animal data are available to evaluate this end point in a quantitative way.
Butane – Drug and Alcohol Information and Support in Ireland –
In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Severe encephalopathy was observed in a year-old girl as the result of butane abuse. Archived from the original PDF on March 27,