El Estructuralismo de Titchener ” OBRAS ” Sus principales obras son: * Psicología experimental () * Sensación y atención (). Edward Titchener. MG. María Alejandra González Vallejo. Updated 18 March Transcript. -Naciones de psicología (). -La nueva psicología (). Structuralism in psychology (also structural psychology) is a theory of consciousness developed by Wilhelm Wundt and his student Edward Bradford Titchener.

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In particular, Titchener focuses on the law of contiguitywhich is the idea that the thought of something will tend to cause thoughts of things that are usually experienced along with it. Instead, Titchener was interested in seeking pure knowledge that to him was more important than commonplace issues. Titchener rejected Wundt’s notions of apperception and creative synthesis voluntary actionwhich were the basis of Wundt’s voluntarism.

This article is estructhralismo like a personal reflection, personal essay, or argumentative essay that states a Wikipedia editor’s personal feelings or presents an original argument about a topic. Some critics also pointed out that introspective techniques actually resulted in retrospection — the memory of a sensation rather than the sensation itself.

The subject would then report the characteristics of that pencil color, length, etc. Unlike Wundt’s method of titchensr, Titchener had very strict guidelines for the reporting of an introspective analysis. The main critique of structuralism was its focus on introspection as the method by which to gain an understanding of conscious experience.

Structuralism in psychology also structural psychology [1] is a theory of consciousness developed by Wilhelm Wundt and his student Edward Bradford Titchener. Retrieved November 11, Titchener believed that physiological processes provide a continuous substratum that give psychological processes a continuity they otherwise would not have.

By using this site, you agree to titchfner Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. It is considered to be the first “school” of psychology [4] [5].


Psicología de la Conciencia: Wundt, Leipzig, Gestalt

However, introspection only fits Wundt’s theories if the term is taken to refer to psychophysical methods. It is true, nevertheless, that observation is the single and proprietary method of science, and that experiment, regarded as scientific method, is nothing else than observation safeguarded and assisted.

It stressed the importance of empirical, rational thought over an experimental, trial-and-error philosophy. It is debated who deserves the credit for finding this field of psychology, but it is widely estruucturalismo that Wundt created the foundation on which Titchener expanded. Retrieved from ” https: The second issue in Titchener’s theory of structuralism was the question of titchenef the mental elements combined and interacted with each other to form conscious experience.

Structuralism has faced a large amount of criticism, particularly from the school of psychology, functionalism which later evolved into the psychology of pragmatism reconvening introspection into acceptable wunet of observation. Behavioristsspecifically methodological behaviorists, fully rejected even the idea of the conscious experience as a worthy topic in psychology, since they believed that the subject matter of scientific psychology should be strictly operationalized titchenr an objective and measurable way.

El Estructuralismo de Titchener by Carla Gonzales on Prezi

The Psychology of Human Thought. And images and affections could be broken down further into just clusters of sensations. This theory was challenged in the 20th century.

It is working on the same type of issues such as sensations and perceptions. Psychology the science of behaviour. Titchener argued that attention was simply a manifestation of the “clearness” property within sensation. Titchener referred to this as stimulus error. Structuralism also believes that the mind could be dissected into its individual parts, which then formed conscious experience. Titchener writes in his Systematic Psychology:.


Both sensations and images contained all of these qualities; however, affections were lacking in both clearness and extensity. He then used this translation to show that Wundt supported Titchener’s own theories.

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Titchener said that only observable events constituted that science and that any speculation concerning unobservable events have no place in society this view was similar to the one expressed by Ernst Mach. In his translation of Wundt’s work, Titchener illustrates Wundt as a supporter of introspection as a method through which to observe consciousness. This simply means that the complex perceptions can be raised through basic sensory information. Titchener himself was criticized for not using his psychology to help answer practical problems.

Structuralism (psychology)

Proponents argue that psychology can still gain useful information from using introspection in this case. Once Titchener identified the elements of mind and their interaction, his theory then asked the question of why the elements interact in the way they do.

For instance, structuralism did not concern itself with the study of animal behaviorand personality. The state of consciousness which is to be the matter of psychology Titchener translated these works for the American audience, and in so doing misinterpreted Wundt’s meaning. Therefore, the nervous system does not cause conscious experience, but can be used to explain some characteristics of mental events. For Wilhelm Dilthey’s concept of structural titfhener, see Structural psychology Dilthey.

One alternative theory to structuralism, to which Titchener took offense, was functionalism functional psychology.